Can E-2 Visa Holders Work for Another Company?

The E-2 Treaty Investor Visa is a nonimmigrant visa that allows nationals from treaty countries to enter and work in the United States-based on a significant investment they control while inside the U.S.

This visa category is particularly appealing to entrepreneurs and business owners who want to start or purchase a business in the U.S.

However, there are frequent questions surrounding the flexibility of the E-2 visa, especially regarding whether visa holders can work for another company.

This article delves into the intricacies of what E-2 visa holders can and cannot do in terms of employment.

Can E-2 Visa Holders Work for Another Company
Can E-2 Visa Holders Work for Another Company

1. Overview of the E-2 Visa

The E-2 visa is designed for nationals of countries with which the United States maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation.

The primary requirement is that the applicant must make a substantial investment in a bona fide enterprise in the U.S.

Moreover, the applicant must have a significant role in the business, such as being an executive, supervisor, or essentially skilled employee.

2. Employment Restrictions on E-2 Visa Holders

Primary Limitations

The E-2 visa is quite restrictive when it comes to employment.

The visa strictly limits the holder to working only for the specific employer or business entity that acted as the sponsor for the E-2 visa application.

Here’s a detailed look at these restrictions:

Working for the Sponsored Business

An E-2 visa holder is authorized to work legally in the U.S. for the company that is the investment vehicle through which they received their visa.

This company must be actively managed and operated by the visa holder, and it must meet certain legal requirements demonstrating it is a legitimate enterprise.

Prohibition on Additional Employment

E-2 visa holders are not allowed to engage in any form of compensated work outside of their treaty enterprise.

This means that taking up secondary employment—including part-time work with another company—is not permitted under the terms of the visa.

3. Exceptions and Considerations

Employee Transfer

If an E-2 business has multiple locations, the visa holder may work at these different sites, provided they are part and parcel of the originally approved enterprise.

Change of Status or Employer

An E-2 visa holder may change their employer by filing a new E-2 registration for the new company and must be approved before they begin working for the new employer.

This process requires demonstrating that the new employment will still comply with all the E-2 visa requirements, including a substantial investment and control of the business.

Working as a Contractor

Technically, E-2 visa holders cannot independently contract for another company as it typically constitutes unauthorized work.

However, the E-2 company itself can enter into contracts with other companies, and the E-2 visa holder can work on those contracts as long as they are still employed by and working for their own E-2 company.

4. Implications of Unauthorized Work

Engaging in unauthorized employment while on an E-2 visa can lead to severe consequences, including visa revocation and the possibility of being barred from entry into the United States in the future.

Therefore, it’s crucial for E-2 visa holders to fully understand and comply with the terms of their visa.

5. Strategic Considerations for E-2 Visa Holders

Planning for Employment Flexibility

E-2 visa holders wishing to expand their business operations or change their employment situation should plan carefully and consult with immigration attorneys to ensure compliance with all legal requirements.

Long-Term Immigration Planning

For those looking at long-term options, exploring paths from an E-2 visa to a Green Card can be beneficial.

Although the E-2 visa itself does not provide a direct path to permanent residency, mechanisms like adjusting status through family-based petitions or transitioning to visas like the EB-5 (Investor Green Card) could be viable options.


While the E-2 visa offers numerous opportunities for investors to operate businesses in the U.S., it is critical to understand that it comes with stringent employment limitations.

E-2 visa holders are generally restricted to working only for their own treaty enterprise and cannot take up employment with another company without jeopardizing their visa status.

Therefore, compliance with the terms of the visa and careful planning for any changes in employment or business operations is essential to maintaining legal status in the United States.

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